Case Study Challenges for Better Identification of DR in Primary Care

Diabetic Retinopathy Screening in Primary Care
0.5 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s) 0.5 ANCC Contact Hours 0.5 AAPA Category 1 Credit(s)
Launch Date:
December 27, 2021
Expiration Date:
The accreditation for this activity has expired.

Primary Audience:

This activity is intended for health care professionals involved in the treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes

Relevant Terms:

Diabetes, vision, diabetic retinopathy, screening, prevention, blindness

Aravinda Rao, MD

Clinical Associate Professor of Ophthalmology
Vitreoretinal Fellowship Director
LSU Ophthalmology
LSU Eye Clinic
Our Lady of the Lake Regional Medical Center
Baton Rouge, LA

Aravinda K Rao MD is a clinical associate professor of ophthalmology and vitreoretinal fellowship director at LSU Department of Ophthalmology. Dr Rao holds the Dominick D. and Wilhelmina L. Aiena Professorship of Ophthalmology.

Cory J. Boudreaux, OD

Focal Point Eye Care
Baton Rouge, LA

Cory Boudreaux OD is a licensed optometrist at the Shenandoah Eye Clinic and Focal Point Eye Care. Cory Boudreaux is a member of the American Optometry Association. 

1. Explain the pathophysiology of diabetic retinopathy/diabetic macular edema, the importance of early screening, and the therapeutic treatment options including VEGF inhibitors
2. Describe and use available retina screening devices with and without AI to ensure compliance with ADA/AAO guidelines for regular screening of all patients with type 2 diabetes


Clinician CME

Jointly provided by the Postgraduate Institute for Medicine and DKBmed, LLC.

Target Audience

This activity is intended for primary care clinicians and allied health providers who treat patients with type 2 diabetes.

Educational Objectives

After completing this activity, the participant should be better able to:

  • Explain the pathophysiology of DME/DR, the importance of early screening, and the therapeutic treatment options including VEGF inhibitors
  • Describe and use available retina screening devices with and without AI to ensure compliance with ADA/AAO guidelines for regular screening of all patients with T2D.


Joint Accreditation Statement

In support of improving patient care, this activity has been planned and implemented by the Postgraduate Institute for Medicine and DKBmed, LLC. Postgraduate Institute for Medicine is jointly accredited by the American Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME), the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE), and the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC) to provide continuing education for the healthcare team.

Physician Continuing Medical Education

The Postgraduate Institute for Medicine designates this enduring activity for a maximum of 0.5 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.


AAPA Credit Designation Statement – Enduring Materials
Postgraduate Institute for Medicine has been authorized by the American Academy of PAs (AAPA) to award AAPA Category 1 CME credit for activities planned in accordance with AAPA CME Criteria. This activity is designated for 0.5 AAPA Category 1 CME credits. Approval is valid until December 26, 2022. PAs should only claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation.


Continuing Nursing Education

The maximum number of hours awarded for this Continuing Nursing Education activity is 0.5 contact hours.

Media: Internet


This activity is supported by an independent educational grant from Regeneron Pharmaceuticals.

Disclosure of Conflicts of Interest

Postgraduate Institute for Medicine (PIM) requires faculty, planners, and others in control of educational content to disclose all their financial relationships with ineligible companies. All identified conflicts of interest (COI) are thoroughly vetted and mitigated according to PIM policy. PIM is committed to providing its learners with high quality accredited continuing education activities and related materials that promote improvements or quality in healthcare and not a specific proprietary business interest of an ineligible company.

Faculty / Presenter Reported Financial Relationship

Aravinda Rao, MD

  • None

Corey Boudreaux, DO

  • None

Planners and Managers

The PIM planners and managers have nothing to disclose. The DKBmed planners and managers have nothing to disclose.

Disclosure of Unlabeled Use

This educational activity may contain discussion of published and/or investigational uses of agents that are not indicated by the FDA. The planners of this activity do not recommend the use of any agent outside of the labeled indications.

The opinions expressed in the educational activity are those of the faculty and do not necessarily represent the views of the planners. Please refer to the official prescribing information for each product for discussion of approved indications, contraindications, and warnings.


Participants have an implied responsibility to use the newly acquired information to enhance patient outcomes and their own professional development. The information presented in this activity is not meant to serve as a guideline for patient management. Any procedures, medications, or other courses of diagnosis or treatment discussed or suggested in this activity should not be used by clinicians without evaluation of their patient’s conditions and possible contraindications and/or dangers in use, review of any applicable manufacturer’s product information, and comparison with recommendations of other authorities.

Request for Credit

There are no fees for participating and receiving CME/CE credit for this activity.
If you wish to receive acknowledgment for completing this activity, please complete the evaluation.

Launch: December 27, 2021
Expiration: December 26, 2022

Contact Information

If you have questions regarding the certification of this activity, please contact PIM via email at For technical issues, please. contact



Supported Browsers:
Microsoft Edge
Google Chrome 60 or higher
Mozilla Firefox 60 or higher
Apple Safari 11.0 or higher
For video, install the latest version of Quicktime.
Supported Phones & Tablets:
iOS 9.3 and higher
Android 7.0 (Nougat or higher)
Microsoft Windows 8
Chrome OS

Additional Recommendations and Requirements
Display Resolution & Color Depth Resolution
- 960 X 768 minimum
- 1024 X 768 recommended min.

Color Depth
- 8 bits (256 colors) minimum
- 16 bits (High colors) minimum
Audio - Microphone
- Speakers or headphones
- Audio recording support
Word Processing Software that can open, modify, and save documents in Rich Text Format (RTF). Microsoft Word and PowerPoint are recommended.